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Declarative Questions - Definisi & Contoh

Setelah memahami syarat membentuk interrogative sentence (kalimat pertanyaan), sekarang saatnya memahami apa itu Declarative Questions. Menurut Swan (2005: 466) :

Declarative questions are often used when the speaker thinks he/she knows or has understood something, but wants to make sure or express surprise. A rising intonation is common.

Contoh :

This is your car? (= I suppose this is your car, isn't it?)
That's the boss? I thought he was the cleaner.
We're going to Hull for our holidays ~ You're going to Hull?

This word order is not normally possible after a question word.

Where are you going? bukan (Where you are going?)

Jadi kesimpulannya adalah :

Declarative questions adalah kalimat tanya yang susunan kalimatnya bukan seperti kalimat tanya lainnya (lihat 8 syarat membuat kalimat tanya); justru susunannya seperti kalimat pernyataan (lihat jenis-jenis kalimat: statements) dan biasanya ditandakan dengan nada tinggi saat berbicara. Declarative sentence umumnya hanya digunakan dalam kalimat tanya yang mengandung arti 'apakah' saja.

Mungkin secara gramatikal, kalimat tanya seperti di atas salah, namun nyatanya, bisa kok, tapi khusus dalam speaking aja ya..




Swan, Michael. 2005. Practical English Usage: 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press.


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