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100 Idiom Bahasa Inggris Amerika

Howard (1951: v), penulis Idioms in American Life—buku yang akan saya ringkas isinya ini, mengungkapkan bahwa: “An idiom is a group of two or more words that has a special meaning different from the meanings of its component parts.” Menurut Howard, idiom itu adalah sekumpulan dua kata atau lebih yang memiliki makna khusus yang berbeda dari makna yang ada pada komponen-komponen katanya.  Sebenarnya dalam buku tersebut ada contoh dalam percakapan sehari-hari sebagai ilustrasi yang bisa dipahami dengan jelas. Namun karena ini hanya sekedar ringkasan dari semua isi idiom Bahasa Inggris Amerika dalam buku tersebut, maka saya hanya menampilkan maknanya beserta satu contoh sebagai penjelas. Berikut adalah 100 idiom Bahasa Inggris yang bisa dipelajari



After all          
All of sudden
As well
At all
At this point
Be about to
Be better off
Be broke
Be in charge of
Be out of                    
Be out of shape
Be to blame   
Be touch and go
Be up and about       
Be up to someone
Be used to
Break into
Brush up on
By heart
By the way
Call off
Catch up
Come up with
Count on someone   
Cut down on
Do one’s best
Do something over
Do without
Dress up
Drop off
Even so
Every other
Fall behind    
Fall in love
Find fault with
Find out
Foot the bill
From now on
Get along with
Get away with
Get in touch with
Get lost
Get over
Get rid of
Get together  
Give someone a hand           
Give up
Go Dutch
Go out
Go to pieces
Had better     
Have got
Have on
Hold up
How about
In advance
In the long run
In time
Keep an eye on
Keep someone company
Keep + (v-ing)
Let go of
Let someone down
Let someone know   
Look forward to
Lose one’s temper    
Make ends meet
Make friends 
Make fun of
Make sense   
Make up
Make up one’s mind
Mix up
No wonder    
Not to mention
On purpose
On second thought   
Out of one’s way
Pick up
Put off
Quite a bit of
Quite a few    
Right away
Run into        
See eye to eye
Show up
Sleep on
Stand out
Take advantage of
Take after
Take it easy
Take one’s time
Take place
Take turns
Tell apart
Think over
Try on
Used to (verb)
What’s the matter
Would rather
Pada akhirnya
Tanpa diduga-duga, tiba-tiba
Juga
Sama-sekali
Pada saat ini, sekarang ini
Akan, mau
Dalam keadaan  baik
Bokek, tidak punya duit
Bertanggung jawab atas
Kehabisan
Dalam keadaan buruk
Bertanggung jawab atas (keburukan)
Tidak menentu
Aktif kembali setelah sakit
Terserah pada (seseorang)
Terbiasa, biasa
Masuk dengan mendobrak
Mempelajari (sesuatu) kembali, mereview
Dalam hati, dengan menghafalkan
Ngomong-ngomong
Membatalkan
Jadi tidak ketinggalan
Menemukan cara, idea tau rencana
Tergantung pada (seseorang)
Mengurangi
Melakukan yang terbaik
Melakukannya kembali
Hidup tanpa
Memakai, mengenakan
Menitipkan, mengirimkan
Akan tetapi, meskipun begitu
Setiap jengkal
Ketinggalan, telat akan
Jatuh cinta
Mengkritik
Mempelajari, mendalami
Membayar
Untuk saat ini dan seterusnya
Mempunyai hubungan baik dengan
Bersalah dan tidak ditahan akan
Berkomunikasi, menelepon
Tersesat
Sembuh dari
Menyelesaikan
Bersama-sama, bertemu
Membantu seseorang
Berhenti melakukan (sesuatu)
Situasi dimana setiap orang membayar makanannya sendiri
Pergi ke pesta, bioskop, restoran atau aktifitas lainnya.
Kehilangan kendali
Seharusnya
Mempunyai, memiliki
Mengenakan, memakai
Merampok menggunakan senjata
Bagaimana dengan
Sebelumnya
Pada akhirnya
Tepat waktu
Mengawasi
Menemani
Tetap, terus
Melepaskan,
Mengecewakan seseorang
Menginformasikan
Berencana
Sangat marah
Mempunyai banyak duit untuk hidup
Menjadi teman
Bercanda, menertawakan
Masuk akal
Menjadi teman kembali setelah bertengkar, balikan
Memutuskan
Membuat bingung
Tidak mengherankan bahwa
Juga
Dengan sengaja
Setelah dipikir-pikir kembali
Jauh dari
Membawa, mengevakuasi
Menunda, mengganti di lain waktu
Banyak
Banyak
Seketika
Kebetulan ketemu
Setuju
Sampai, muncul
Menunda, menunggu hari berikutnya
Terkenal dengan
Memanfaatkan
Mirip
Santai
Melakukan dengan pelan
Terjadi
Ganti giliran
Mengetahui perbedaan
Mempertimbangkan dengan matang
Mencoba, menguji
Terbiasa (pada masa lalu)
Ada masalah apa? Ada apa?
Lebih suka


Contoh-contoh Idiom Bahasa Inggris Amerika diatas, lihat di bawah ini:


1.       Let’s go to a movie. After all, it’s Saturday night
2.       All of sudden, a little girl ran in front of the truck
3.       David speak English, Arabic, and French as well
4.       The doctor told him not to eat any sugar at all
5.       At this point, I’ve saved five hundred dollar for may vacation
6.       The baby was about to fall down the stairs when I caught her
7.       I will be better off when I move into my new apartment
8.       I paid all my bills and now I’m broke
9.       Mrs. Baker is in charge of the family’s finances
10.   I can’t make sandwiches because we’re out of bread
11.   He is out of shape because he doesn’t exercise
12.   George is to blame for his poor grades. He never studies
13.   It was touch and go, but the plane landed safely
14.   Carol has been very sick. It will be a long time before she’s up and about
15.   We can meet tomorrow or Wednesday. It is up to you
16.   Juan is from Colombia, so he’s used to hot weather
17.   Burglars broke into the warehouse and stole $20,000 worth of appliances
18.   I need to brush up on the rules before we play bridge
19.   An actor must learn his lines by heart
20.   The meeting will be next Tuesday. By the way, Mr. Hughes will be there
21.   We called off our party because of the storm
22.   I missed two weeks of class. I’ll have to work hard to catch up
23.   The president asked his advisors to come up with a plan for improving relations with the unions
24.   Sandra counts on her neighbor to drive to work
25.   Joan cut down on eating in restaurants to save money
26.   I do my best to finish my work
27.   The doctor couldn’t believe the results of the blood test, so he did it over to be sure
28.   We did without electricity and running water on our camping trip
29.   We usually dress up for weddings and funerals
30.   I’ll drop off your shoes at the repair shop tomorrow
31.   Jane is overweight. Even so, she’s very attractive
32.   I call my sister every other week
33.   The child fell behind in learning to read, so the teacher gave him extra help
34.   Joe fell in love with Karen soon after he met her
35.   Whenever he goes to a restaurant, Mr. Higgins finds fault with the food and service
36.   He was very happy when he found out he got an A on the exam
37.   Our supervisor footed the bill for the office picnic
38.   I promise to write you a letter every week from now on
39.   Mrs. Cooper asked her children to stop fighting and try to get along with each other
40.   They never found the bank robber. He got away with his crime
41.   You get in touch with me by telephone. My number is 549-2985
42.   It’s easy to get lost in a strange city
43.   Patty was bitten once and has never gotten over her fear of dogs
44.   I finally get rid of my son’s baby clothes last week. He’s fourteen now
45.   I got together with my friends on my birthday
46.   Let me give you a hand with those packages
47.   Frank had to give up swimming because of an ear infection
48.   I often eat lunch in a restaurant with my friends and we always go Dutch
49.   Mel likes to go out and have a good time
50.   Mr. Wilson went to pieces when the fire destroyed his house
51.   You had better drive more carefully
52.   We have got a lot of bills to pay
53.   Al felt strange because he had on a suit and the others had on jeans
54.   Several men held up the passengers on the train
55.   How about fish for dinner?
56.   I made my appointment with the doctor two weeks in advance
57.   In the long run, it’s a good idea to save a little money every week
58.   I like to get up in time to take a shower before I leave for school
59.   Kathy asked her roommate to keep an eye on the cake in the oven while she took a bath
60.   Please come in the kitchen and keep me company while I cook dinner
61.   I keep forgetting to buy shampoo. I must do it today
62.   Mark let go of the books and they fell to the floor
63.   My cousin let me down when he didn’t come to my wedding
64.   If you let me know what time your train will arrive, I’ll meet you at the station
65.   She’s looking forward to having her baby next month
66.   The director lost his temper and shouted at the actors
67.   Louise has to work at two jobs to make ends meet
68.   Margaret makes friends everywhere she goes
69.   The boys make fun of the dog’s long ears
70.   It makes sense to buy a small car. You will save money on gas
71.   Children usually make up with their friends quickly after fights
72.   Sally made up her mind to study engineering
73.   The mailman sometimes mixed up my neighbor’s mail and mine
74.   You were at the beach all day. No wonder you are sunburned
75.   I like to read biographies and mysteries, not to mention science fiction
76.   The Crawfords were very angry when they learned that the neighbors’ son had hit their cat on purpose
77.   On second thought, the Franklins decided not to join the club
78.   I drove twenty miles out of my way to take Helen home
79.   The rescue helicopter picked up seven of the passenger after the plane crash
80.   I’ll have to put off buying a new coat until I have more money
81.   We’ve prepared quite a bit of flood for our guests
82.   There were quite a few people at the reception
83.   I couldn’t see the doctor right away. I had to wait
84.   I ran into an old friend on the train this morning
85.   Mr. and Mrs. O’Connor see eye to eye on everything except politics
86.   The reporters were disappointed when the movie star didn’t show up for the interview
87.   The major asked the city council to sleep on the plane and to vote on it the next day
88.   Leonardo da Vinci stood out as an artistic and scientific genius
89.   We should take advantage of the sale and buy furniture now
90.   Linda takes after her mother. They are both tall and thin
91.   We like to take it easy on Sundays
92.   I like to take my time when I prepare dinner for guests
93.   American presidential elections always take place in November
94.   Young children have to learn to take turns with                each other when playing games
95.   Dan and his brother sound so much alike that I can’t tell their voice apart
96.   It’s a good idea to spend some time thinking it over before you get married
97.   You should try on shoes before you buy them
98.   He used to work in a department store, but now he’s a bank teller
99.   What’s the matter with the baby? She’s crying all day
100.                      I would rather go to the ballet than to the opera


Referensi:

Howard, Julie. 1987. Idioms in American Life. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

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